The Athenian Hoplite, 490 BC
September 12, 490 BC the famous Marathon battle took place. The army of the Persian king Darius, mooring on ships to the coast of Attica near the village of Marathon, intended to capture Athens. The Greeks turned to Sparta for help and, with the 10000th army under the command of the Archon Kallimachus, marched towards the enemy. The Spartans were delayed because they were busy with the practice of religious rites. The Greeks' infantry was 9000 Athenian and 600 Platei hoplites. One of ten strategists, Miltiad, was put forward to lead the army. He built a phalanx, stretching its formation along the front as much as possible and reducing the number of lines in the center. At the same time, both flanks rested on the slopes of the mountains and were further strengthened by the best hoplites and lightly armed infantry. As the Persians approached, the phalanx ran towards them in order to quickly overcome the space shot by Persian archers. The infantry and cavalry of the Persians broke through the center of the Greek lines, but the strong phalanx wings took the most efficient part of the Persian army into ticks. Miltiada's plan was justified, the Persians took to flight. Persian casualties amounted to 6400 people killed, the rest managed to board the ships and go to sea. The Athenians killed 192 hoplites, among whom was Archon Callimachus.
The hoplite equipment consists of a bronze Corinthian helmet with a transverse hair comb, fortified laterally with bronze plates. The shell (linothorax) is reinforced with bronze scales along the torso line. Under the shell is a red tunic. On the legs are greaves (knemids) and leather sandals. A double-edged sword was sheathed with an ivory mouth and tip. The hoplon shield is decorated with the image of a black marathon bull, which was a symbol of the hoplite veterans. The warrior has a red cloak.
From the place of battle in Athens a messenger was sent with the news of victory. As soon as he reached the city and reported the good news, he collapsed dead from exhaustion. In honor of the brave hero, the Athenians began to conduct competitions in running at the "marathon distance", equal to 42 km 195 m.
Scale: 1/32 (54 mm)
Material: tin alloy, steel, tempera and acrylic paints